Navigating the 2024 Affordability Percentage for Employer-Sponsored Health Plans

As we approach 2024, employers across the United States face a significant shift in the landscape of employer-sponsored health plans, primarily due to changes in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) compliance. The introduction of a lower affordability percentage is a pivotal change that demands attention and strategic planning. This article aims to guide employers through understanding and navigating these changes effectively.

Understanding the 2024 Affordability Change

The ACA, a landmark health reform law, has continually evolved since its inception. One of its core components is the employer mandate, which requires certain employers to offer affordable health insurance that provides minimum value to their full-time employees and dependents. The definition of ‘affordable’ is crucial here and is set to change in 2024.

Historically, a health plan was considered affordable if the employee’s share of the premium for the lowest-priced plan available that meets the minimum value standard did not exceed a specific percentage of their household income. However, this percentage is set to decrease in 2024, tightening the affordability criteria.

Impact on Employers

This change poses a significant challenge for employers. Firstly, it may increase the financial burden on businesses, especially those with a large number of low to middle-income employees. Employers will need to either absorb the increased costs or restructure their benefit offerings to maintain compliance without escalating expenses.

Secondly, non-compliance carries hefty penalties. If an employer fails to offer affordable coverage that meets the minimum value standard, and if at least one full-time employee receives a premium tax credit for purchasing coverage through the ACA Marketplace, the employer may face substantial fines.

Strategic Planning for Compliance

To navigate these changes, employers should consider the following strategies:

  • Conduct a Financial Analysis: Assess the financial impact of the lower affordability threshold on your current health plan offerings. This analysis should consider the potential costs of adjusting plans versus the penalties for non-compliance.
  • Explore Plan Options: Investigate different health plan designs that could meet the new affordability criteria without overburdening the company’s finances. This might include considering high-deductible health plans paired with Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) or other consumer-directed health plans.
  • Employee Communication: Clearly communicate any changes in health plan offerings to employees. Transparency is key to maintaining trust and ensuring that employees understand their options and the reasons behind any changes.
  • Leverage Technology: Utilize benefits administration software to manage and track your health plan offerings, ensuring they align with the new affordability standards. These tools can also aid in reporting and compliance requirements.
  • Consult with Experts: Work with knowledgeable brokers or benefits consultants who are up-to-date with ACA regulations. They can provide valuable insights and help devise a compliant and cost-effective benefits strategy.
  • Monitor Regulatory Updates: Stay informed about any further changes to the ACA or other relevant legislation. Health care regulations are dynamic, and staying ahead of changes is crucial for long-term compliance.


The lower affordability percentage in 2024 represents a significant compliance challenge for employers. By understanding the implications, assessing financial impacts, exploring various health plan options, and staying informed, employers can navigate these changes effectively. Proactive planning and strategic decision-making will be key to maintaining compliance, avoiding penalties, and continuing to provide valuable health benefits to employees in this evolving landscape.


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