As the summer heats up so do the number of cases of heat-related illnesses. A person suffers a heat-related illness when their body is unable to regulate its temperature. Excessive heat exposure is dangerous! Here are things to keep in mind when the temperature rises.
• Heatstroke is a medical emergency and can be fatal if not quickly treated. If someone is showing signs of heatstroke call 911 immediately.
• Heatstroke is caused by prolonged exposure to high temperatures or by doing physical activity in hot weather.
• Heatstroke is a form of hyperthermia in which the body temperature is elevated dramatically.
• Cooling the victim is critical in the treatment of heatstroke.
• To prevent heatstroke, stay hydrated and avoid vigorous physical activities in hot humid weather.
• Infants, the elderly, athletes, and outdoor workers are at greatest risk for heatstroke.
• Never leave infants, children or pets in a parked car. Even with the windows cracked, interior temperatures can rise 20 degrees within the first 10 minutes.
Symptoms of heatstroke:
Heatstroke occurs when the body’s temperature rises rapidly and the body is unable to cool down. Heatstroke can cause death or permanent disability if emergency treatment is not provided.
• High body temperature (above 103°)
• The absence of sweating, with hot, red or flushed dry skin
• Rapid pulse
• Throbbing headache
Symptoms of heat exhaustion:
Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and inadequate replacement of fluids.
• Heavy sweating
• Muscle cramps
• Nausea or vomiting